Conductor and pianist Lorraine Vaillancourt is the founder and musical director of the Nouvel Ensemble Moderne (NEM), which has been in residence at Université de Montréal’s faculty of music since 1989. She received full professorship at the same institution in 1990 and directed its contemporary music studio from 1974 until she retired from teaching in 2016. Vaillancourt is frequently invited to conduct various ensembles and orchestras, both in Canada and abroad. In Canada, she has conducted the Orchestre symphonique de Montréal, the Orchestre symphonique de Québec, and the Orchestre Métropolitain; abroad, she has conducted the Orchestre de Cannes, the Gulbenkian Orchestra (Lisbon), the National Orchestra of the RAI (Turin), the Nice Philharmonic (France), the Ensemble Orchestral Contemporain (Lyon), the Ensemble Sillages (Nice), the Plural Ensemble (Madrid), and Les Percussions de Strasbourg. Along with composers José Evangelista, John Rea, and Claude Vivier, Lorraine Vaillancourt is a founding member of the Montréal-based concert society Les Événements du Neuf (1978–1989). In 1990, she was behind the founding of CIRCUIT, a North American magazine devoted to 20th-century music. She was president of the Conseil québécois de la Musique (CQM) from 1998 to 2001, after which she sat on the board of the Conseil des arts et des lettres du Québec (CALQ) until 2006. She is also a member of the Royal Society of Canada and of the Ordre du Bleuet. Lorraine Vaillancourt received a Doctorate honoris causa from Laval University (Québec City) in 2013 and was named Member (CM) of the Order of Canada in 2016, in recognition of her important contributions to contemporary music. That same year, she was awarded a Prix Hommage at the Prix Opus ceremony, along with the prestigious Prix Denise-Pelletier, awarded by the Québec government in honour of her exceptional artistic journey. In 2018, she was named chevalière de l’Ordre du Québec, and in 2019, she received the Médaille de l’Assemblée nationale du Québec, a high distinction recognizing her major contributions to the cultural life of Québec.